I began making photographs in 1971, and studied with Nathan Lyons at the Visual Studies Workshop in Rochester, New York, from 1971 to 1973. What I took from this extraordinary experience to learn with Nathan was an abiding and liberating appreciation for visual thinking and the extended frame, as practiced through the sequencing of images (for asking how and why one image leads to the next). In addition to making photographs, I have also made sculptures, furniture, and jewelry. But, making photographs has been the true artistic through line for my life.

The other part of my career, beyond the artistic, has been dedicated to human rights, refugee resettlement, and community integration. I have been a national consultant to immigration attorneys on asylum documentation and expert testimony, the executive director of a torture treatment center, the Colorado State Refugee Coordinator, the president of the national State Coordinators of Refugee Resettlement, and the cofounder and executive director of nonprofit organizations dedicated to community navigation and microenterprise for refugees and immigrants. I currently work on both making and exhibiting my photographs, as well as an independent consultant for public and private organizations focused on integration and asset development for refugees and immigrants.

The photographs on this website are from an ongoing book project titled Alibis, which consists of about 200 photographs. Alibis is an extended visual statement in response to many of my questions about making a life and making images. Alibis are proof of presence. We lead parsed lives. We are in one place, and not another. We believe and feel one thing, and not another. And, we look at one thing in a constructed way, and not another. Alibis are the records of the visual choices to create certainty in a contingent world.